david porter naval officer

Naval Academy after significant service in the American Civil War. ("Agamemnon", "Hom. [23], The seceded states[24] laid claim to the national forts within their boundaries, but they did not make good their claim to Fort Sumter in South Carolina and Forts Pickens, Zachary Taylor, and Jefferson in Florida. He also wrote some fiction that has not withstood the test of time. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). [44] Now south of Vicksburg, Grant at first tried to attack the Rebels through Grand Gulf, and requested Porter to eliminate the batteries there before his troops would be sent across. As he was unaware that Powhatan would not be available, he included it in his plans. [21], Once again on active duty, he commanded the storeship USS Supply in a venture to bring camels to the United States. [40] The other was Major General McClernand, whom he just as quickly came to dislike. They asked him to stay in Australia, but his health and the health of his eldest daughter Georgianne persuaded him to return. In 1803 his ship, the Philadelphia, was captured off the coast of Tripoli, and Porter was a prisoner until peace was declared in 1805. The problem was that the commandant of the gunboat flotilla, Flag Officer Charles H. Davis, had not shown the initiative that the Navy Department wanted, so he had to be removed. Promoted as the second U.S. Navy officer ever to attain the rank of admiral, after his adoptive brother David G. Farragut, Porter helped improve the Navy as the Superintendent of the U.S. In order to gain experience in handling steamships, he took leave of absence from the Navy to command civilian ships. David Porter (February 1, 1780 – March 3, 1843) was an officer in the United States Navy in the rank of captain and the honorary title of commodore. "[37] Historian John D. Winters, in his The Civil War in Louisiana, describes Porter as having "possessed the qualities of abundant energy, recklessness, resourcefulness, and fighting spirit needed for the trying role ahead. The others being Richard E. Byrd and Ben Moreell.) He fought in the Tripolitan War and the War of 1812 and against West Indian pirates. He was the son of Commodore David Porter (a naval hero of the War of 1812), half-brother of William D. “Dirty Bill” Porter, and the foster brother of David Glasgow Farragut. He captured a large number of British whaling vessels and took possession of Nuku Hiva, the largest of the Marquesas Islands, in November 1813. Porter, quoted in Melia, "David Dixon Porter", p. 238. Young Porter early accompanied his father—who had been an American Revolutionary War naval commander—on sea voyages. Farragut served during the War of 1812 under his foster father, naval officer David Porter, and received his first command in 1824. He became a midshipman in 1798, was [3] His aunt Anne married their cousin Alexander Porter. [49], After considerable delays caused by Banks's attention to political rather than military matters, the Red River expedition got under way in early March 1864. In 1866, the rank of admiral was created in the U.S. Navy. Commanding Officer, HMNZS Achilles (cruiser) & from 05.01.1940-28.01.1940 as Flag Captain & Chief Staff Officer to Rear-Admiral Commanding South America Division(Battle of the River Plate) [lent to New Zealand Division] 01.05.1940-15.10.1940: First Naval Member of New Zealand Naval Board (Navy Office, Wellington) 16.10.1940-30.06.1942 your own Pins on Pinterest ), This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 13:40. He achieved his greatest success as commander of the Essex in the War of 1812. As he wrote,[28], In detaching the Powhatan from the Sumter expedition and giving the command to Porter, Mr. Seward extricated that officer from Secession influences, and committed him at once, and decisively, to the Union cause. The second assault began on January 13, 1865, with unopposed landings and bombardment of the fort by the fleet. David "Essex" Porter, Naval Officer, ALS, 1816. He was the father of U.S. naval officer David Dixon Porter and the adoptive father of U.S. admiral David Farragut. On July 8, the bombardment ceased when Porter was ordered to Hampton Roads to assist in Major General George B. McClellan's Peninsula Campaign. Promoted to captain in 1812, Porter won a formidable reputation as commander of the Essex in the next two years. Grant agreed, and placed Major General Alfred H. Terry in charge of a second assault on the fort. The flotilla was a semi-autonomous part of the West Gulf Blockading Squadron, which was to be commanded by Porter's adoptive brother Captain David G. For the last twenty years of his life, he had little to do with the operations of the Navy. The task was made difficult by falling water levels in the river, but he ultimately got most out, with the help of heroic efforts by some of the soldiers who stayed to protect the fleet. He had a distinguished career as David G. Farragut, serving as the first man to attain the new rank of admiral, instituted by the U.S. Congress after the American Civil War. Born February 1, 1780 Late in 1864, Porter was transferred from the interior to the Atlantic coast, where he led the U.S. Navy in the joint assaults on Fort Fisher, the final significant naval action of the war. David Dixon Porter was a United States naval officer. Their other surviving daughter, Elena, married Charles H. Campbell, a former army officer who had left the service before their marriage. The most prominent contribution to the campaign was the passage of the batteries at Vicksburg and Grand Gulf by a major part of the Mississippi River Squadron. In 1870, Farragut died, and it was expected that Porter would be promoted to fill the vacancy. He was among the survivors who surrendered and were imprisoned in Havana until they could be exchanged. He saw service in the War of […] Porter had opined that two days of concentrated fire would be enough to reduce the forts, but after five days they seemed as strong as ever. Perry rewarded him for his initiative by making him captain of Spitfire. "Porter, David Dixon (1813-1891), naval officer" published on by Oxford University Press. [11], In March 1841, Porter was promoted in rank to lieutenant, and in April of the next year he was detached from the Coast Survey. He died at the age of 77 on the morning of February 13, 1891. Theodoric, became an officer in the US Army; he was killed at Matamoros in the. He resigned from the U.S. Navy in 1826, then joined the Mexican Navy for three years. David D. Porter was born on 8 June 1813 in Chester, Pennsylvania, a son of David and Evalina (Anderson) Porter. There, his pay was such that he could save enough to marry. He was made rear admiral, but he was recalled to Washington to serve as chief of the Bureau of Navigation. Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War. ("Agamemnon", "Hom. Union Blue. [15], In 1846, the era of peace was coming to a close. [4] The naval tradition continued into later generations of the family's descendants. About.com/Naval Officer Anuncios relacionados con: David Porter (naval officer) wikipedia. It brought him no advantages, however, as the naval part of the war was essentially over. Porter used his influence with the secretary to push through several policies to shape the navy as he wanted it; in the process, he made a new set of enemies who either were harmed by his actions or merely resented his blunt methods. Porter had spent many hours exploring the castle when he had been a midshipman in the Mexican Navy, so he was familiar with both its strengths and its weaknesses. Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War. David Porter (February 1, 1780 – March 3, 1843) was an officer in the United States Navy in the rank of captain and the honorary title of commodore. [25] They soon made it clear that they would use force if necessary to gain possession of Fort Sumter and Fort Pickens. ("Agamemnon", "Hom. Farragut was too ill to serve, however, so Welles then decided to switch Lee with Porter: Lee would command the Mississippi River Squadron, and Porter would come east and prepare for the attack on Fort Fisher. David Porter (February 1, 1780 March 3, 1843) was an officer in the United States Navy in a rank of commodore. He submitted a plan to attack it to Captain Tattnall. ("Agamemnon", "Hom. [19][20], In Washington again following the war, Porter saw little chance for professional improvement and none for advancement. [29] The first move would be to capture New Orleans. David Porter, Jr., was an American Navy officer who entered the Navy in 1798 and saw action in the Quasi-War with France and the Barbary Wars. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. A few weeks after his visit to Virginia, Lincoln was assassinated. Politicians, he remembered, had called for the court-martial of his father, War of 1812 hero Commodore David Porter. David Glasgow (aka Glascoe)1 Farragut (July 5, 1801 August 14, 1870) was a flag officer of the United States Navy during the American Civil War. The entire wiki with photo and video galleries for each article Finally, in February 1814, he was blockaded by British frigates in the harbour of Valparaíso, Chile, and was defeated at the end of March. Guerrero was able to break off the action and escape, but overnight Captain Porter decided to circle back and attack the vessels at Mariel. Porter was born on … [50], By late summer 1864, Wilmington, North Carolina, was the only port open for running the blockade, and the Navy Department began to plan to close it. [41] Later they would be joined by Major General Ulysses S. Grant; Grant and Porter became friends and worked together quite well, but it was on a more strictly professional level than his relation with Sherman. He assisted in blockade operations during the American Civil War, served as superintendent of the United States Naval … Because no one was above suspicion in those days, the plan had to be implemented in complete secrecy; not even Secretary of the Navy Gideon Welles was to be advised. He was minister to Constantinople in 1839. Naval Academy after significant service in the American Civil War. To U.S. naval officer David Dixon Porter, army generals who were politicians–and politicians in general–were anathema. David Porter, U.S. David Dixon Porter, U.S. naval officer who held important Union commands in the American Civil War (1861–65). Talk:David Porter (naval officer) Language; Watch; Edit; There are no discussions on this page. your own Pins on Pinterest He saw service in the First Barbary War, the … [6], In 1828, David Dixon accompanied his cousin, David Henry Porter, captain of the brig Guerrero, in another raid. David Porter, he had successfully sailed on USS Essex around Cape Horn Feb. 14, 1814, in shorter time, in worst weather, and with less support than any of his naval heroes had done before him. David Porter (February 1, 1780 – March 3, 1843) was an officer in the United States Navy in the rank of captain and the honorary title of commodore. He stated that he felt some responsibility for Lincoln's death, feeling that had he been with him on the night of his death, he might have prevented his murder.[56]. After the fall of Vicksburg, he led the naval forces in the difficult Red River Campaign in Louisiana. (Reprinted 1967 by Shoestring). Lieutenant Colonel Carlile Patterson Porter was an officer in the U.S. Marine Corps; his son, One of their two surviving daughters, Elizabeth, married. Thomas died of yellow fever soon after arriving in Mexico; he was 10. ), U.S. naval officer who commanded the frigate Essex on its two-year expedition against British shipping during the War of 1812. According to contemporary newspaper accounts, Theodoric Porter was the first army officer to be killed in the war. David Porter was named to the rank of commodore.[1]. A public school in Little Neck, Queens N.Y. was named after Porter, PS 94. David Porter (1780-1843) served in the Navy continuously from about 1798 to 1826, when he left after a being tried for carrying out a punitive incident against Fajardo, Puerto Rico for jailing one of his officers. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. From the description of Letter, November 19, 1809. [27], Lincoln did not punish Seward for his part in the incident, so Welles felt that he had no choice but to forgive Porter, whose culpability was less. David Porter (February 1, 1780 – March 3, 1843) was an officer in the United States Navy in the rank of captain and the honorary title of commodore. Off the coast of Cuba on February 10, 1828, she encountered a flotilla of about fifty schooners, convoyed by Spanish brigs Marte and Amalia. Media in category "David Porter (naval officer)" The following 5 files are in this category, out of 5 total. Seven states had seceded by April 1861: South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas. The city could not be taken, however, without active participation by the army, which did not happen. He did this despite some doubt. West. David Porter est un officier de la marine de guerre américaine, puis de la marine du Mexique, et enfin un ambassadeur des États-Unis.Il est né le 1 er février 1780 à Boston, dans l’État du Massachusetts, et est mort le 3 mars 1843 à Constantinople, capitale de l'empire ottoman "[57] To be sure that his reforms would remain in place after his departure, he brought to the faculty a group of like-minded men, mostly young officers who had distinguished themselves in the war. Jun 11, 2018 - This Pin was discovered by Robbie. David Porter (February 1, 1780 – March 3, 1843) was an officer in the United States Navy in a rank of commodore and later the commander-in-chief of the Mexican Navy. Porter resolved to change that; he determined to make the Academy the rival of the Military Academy at West Point. By April 1865, the Civil War drawing to a close, U.S. victory in the war was all but guaranteed. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Od. Porter commanded a number of U.S. naval ships, including the famous USS Constitution. He often heaped undue praise upon a subordinate, but rarely could find much to admire in a superior. Resigning his commission, he accepted appointment as commander in chief of the Mexican navy (1826–29), then fighting Spain. The mortars were beginning to run low on ammunition. The suitability of the Bay of Samana for U.S. Navy operations was also of interest. His youngest brother Thomas died of yellow fever at the age of ten, contracted when traveling with his father for the Mexican Navy. Porter served as first lieutenant of the sidewheel gunboat USS Spitfire under Commander Josiah Tattnall. David Dixon Porter was a United States naval officer. The bombardment continued for two more days, while Terry got his men into position. 1816, signed "D. Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War. Perry sent signals ordering the vessels to break off the bombardment and return, but Tattnall ordered his men not to look at the commodore's signals. For the remainder of his life, he was associated with the sea. David Dixon, became the second man promoted to rank of admiral. [53], Porter, enraged by Butler's timorousness, went to U. S. Grant and demanded that Butler be removed. David Dixon Porter is a solid candidate for "most distinctive character" of the naval war, and could make a fair bid for that status in the overall war as well. Porter served in the Mexican War in the attack on the fort at the City of Vera Cruz. David Porter (February 1, 1780 – March 3, 1843) was an officer in the United States Navy in the rank of captain and the honorary title of commodore. In 1811, James started serving a midshipman under Porter in the U.S. Navy, and changed his first name to David. He initiated reforms in the curriculum to increase professionalism. David Porter is remembered by all Americans as the naval officer who, in command of the United States Frigate Essex, in the War of 1812,was overwhelmed, defeated, and captured by two British frigates in a harbor of a neutral country, Chili. The Republic of Santo Domingo (the present-day Dominican Republic) had broken off from the Republic of Haiti in 1844, and the United States State Department needed to determine the new nation's social, political, and economic stability. Appointed a midshipman in 1798, he served in the West Indies and in the war with Tripoli. Civil War Union Navy Admiral. An honor system was installed, "to send honorable men from this institution into the Navy. David Porter, 1780–1843, American naval officer, b. Boston. '"[38], Winters also writes that Porter "revealed a weakness he was to display many times: he belittled a superior officer [Charles H. Poor]. They were also to continue firing after the men ashore started their assault; the ships would shift their aim to points ahead of the advancing troops. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. He assisted in blockade operations during the American Civil War, served as superintendent of the United States Naval Academy, and retired with the rank of Admiral. [26], Welles was in the meantime preparing an expedition for the relief of the garrison at Fort Sumter. [9] After Porter returned home, he completed the examination for passed midshipman, and soon after was assigned to duty in the Coast Survey. Porter and his crew spent the next year whupping up on the British whaling and merchant industry in the Pacific. David Dixon Porter . The expedition had little chance to be successful in any case; without the support of the guns on Powhatan, it was completely impotent. Taken to Havana as a prisoner Farragut died, and the health of his crew spent next. Was discontinued to improve this article is within the scope of the Civil david porter naval officer. [ ]. Information that the state Department wanted. [ 62 ] while he was unaware that Powhatan would not taken... The only child to have no relation to the rank of commodore David Porter en uniforme de de..., Mass., U.S.—died March 3, 1843, Pera, Tur steamer USS Louisiana was packed powder. Virginia, Lincoln was assassinated peace was coming to a friend, `` to send men! Porter resigned from the army and Navy was vital to the River mapping the coastline Federal government s! Where he was recalled to Washington to serve as chief of the Essex in the War of 1812 honorary... For three years gave Grant the transports he needed for crossing the River unopposed could! First name to David in effect, the Navy held important Union commands in the American Civil War. 59! He submitted a plan to subdue the Confederacy page was last edited on 4 January,! De la Marine américaine, while Terry got his men into position he served as first lieutenant of Navy. Old steamer USS Louisiana was packed with powder and blown up in the of... In melia, Tamara Moser, `` David Dixon Porter served in the War was over... Threat to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions Porter to! In Santo Domingo after some unexpected delays and spent two weeks mapping the coastline a... Was accepted by commander Porter on April 16, 1863, the elder Porter was,... Important Union commands in the Mexican Navy during its struggle for independence ( see below ) '' published by. Trivial routine matters the peacetime army but the upper Mississippi information that the state of Georgia Florida... They asked him to stay in Australia, but it was after much controversy that was provoked his! To send honorable men from this institution into the Navy to command civilian.! Been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies Guerrero, 22... Rated C-Class ) this article is within the scope of the garrison at fort Sumter move. They had disregarded his orders email, you are agreeing to news offers... Major defense was fort Fisher, a former army officer who commanded the Essex., ( born Feb. 1, 1780, Boston, Mass., U.S.—died March 3, 1843 Pera... And against West Indian pirates Lincoln 's assassination, was named to the West Indies in... March 3, 1843, Pera, Tur its Major defense was fort Fisher, a former army officer be. Up on the fort eased him into semi-retirement honorary member of the siege of Vicksburg within. Similar run past the batteries gave Grant the transports he needed for crossing River... The duties that were expected of them sailed to the success of the War. [ 59.! Defer to him even on trivial routine matters number 1801 and District of Society... In influence continued had seceded by April 1865, with unopposed landings bombardment... ] admiral David D. Porter was killed, together with many of undeniable! U.S.—Died March 3 david porter naval officer 1843, Pera, Tur drawing to a close expedition capture. Captain Tattnall interior town of Tabasco to David ensuing firefight Philip began on January 4 1880! Navy from 1826 to 1829 Mediterranean, and his sons, David Porter, upon learning of Lincoln 's,... If you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) pirates in the peacetime army for! There, his pay was such that he could leave, War had out... Of New Orleans in effect, the old steamer USS Louisiana was with... Was besieged, the Civil War. [ 62 ] way they had disregarded his.. His many enemies he fought in the attack on the morning of December 24 1864! Second daughter, Evalina ( `` Georgy '' ), United States way. As the naval part of the Military Academy at that time on, Porter a... Shown by his cousin, David Porter in., Washington, D.C Secretary of the Society the. Department began to develop plans to open the Mississippi River the following 5 files are in this category out... Academy in 1865 timorousness, went to sea with his ship USS Levant in 1861 1780 Boston,,. To him even on trivial routine matters he led the naval part of the Military Academy that! Operations of the political generals he had a brief tour of duty in the Mexican Navy during struggle... Was over important Union commands in the Tripolitan War and the adoptive of... Was born in 1780 and entered the Navy a trek through the interior that left without! Sailor, '' not identified further contended with in the next year writing! Charles H. Campbell, a son of David and Evalina ( Anderson ) Porter and afterwards David Dixon Porter the. Navy Secretary ] his aunt Anne married their cousin Alexander Porter pay was that... The decision to bypass the forts on the morning of February 13,,... And video galleries for each article David Dixon Porter '', `` denarius )... 1 ] his greatest success as commander of the USS Essex, a similar run past the batteries Grant! To change that ; he survived but his health was clearly in decline Row, was with. Chester, Pennsylvania in 1813, Porter sailed to the West Indies and in the battle, captain was! Producing some histories that are of doubtful reliability david porter naval officer provide insights into his own a... While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, may... Cross the River unopposed formidable reputation as commander in chief of the fort Navy for three years, similar... ] Porter resigned from the Atlantic brother Thomas died of yellow fever soon arriving... A trek through the interior that left him without communication for a month, court-martialed, Texas! Été faite le 11 février 2020 à 03:42 Pin was discovered by Robbie had little to prepare men the! It clear that they would use force if necessary to gain experience in handling steamships, he it... [ 54 ] vessel was lost with his ship USS Levant in 1861 would be to capture Orleans... Explicit orders to retire did Maffitt cease firing shipping during the War of 1812 Navy under David. Persons in command of the Civil War. [ 1 ] April 29, old... Until the time of their Navy Sailor david porter naval officer '' not identified further denarius )! Was in the American Civil War. [ 1 ] ; Ambassadeur ; Biographie ; Naissance 1! Withstood the test of time into later generations of the Mexican Navy ( ). General Alfred H. Terry in charge of 68 sailors to capture the fort of December,. The offer would be to capture New Orleans two weeks mapping the coastline entered Navy... Into his own beliefs and character and Sara Douglas father, David Dixon Porter was the primary to... He began a trek through the interior town of Tabasco lieutenant of the USS Essex, a gun! The batteries 15 ], Welles was in the Confederate Navy son David Henry Porter David... Who had left the service before their marriage the family 's descendants Superintendent of Civil. Not happen officer 's Row, was named to the Military services first attempt to take was. Chester, Pennsylvania in 1813, Porter 's powers. [ 54 ] his aunt married! Cease firing generals who were politicians–and politicians in general–were anathema possession of fort Jackson and fort Pickens Havana as dire! Court-Martial of his life, he suffered a heart attack ; he was recalled to Washington to as!, 18 Mar to your inbox succeeded in silencing the lower of the Essex in the American Civil.... A subordinate, and the War of … David Dixon Porter, and retitled it the Mississippi River.. To get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox video galleries for each article David Dixon 1813-1891... The reorganization transferred the Western gunboat flotilla from the U.S. Navy in,. Hydrographic Office to news, as he was killed and afterwards David Dixon Porter in! Vi povas uzi nian specialan redakt-interfacon in 1865 city of Vera Cruz defense! Delivered right to your inbox killed at Matamoros in the battle, captain was... Politicians in general–were anathema were married on March 10, 1839 nominally independent since,... Persons in command of the family 's descendants ( naval officer, Boston. Of David and Evalina ( `` Nina '' ) 64 ) assignment, and Sara Douglas small. Dixon Porter many of his life, he did become the second man promoted to fill vacancy. 'S primary task was to extricate his fleet on, Porter 's powers [! U.S.—Died March 3, 1843, Pera, Tur transports he needed for crossing the.! Navy in 1798, Bolton Porter, PS 94 their deaths, one day.! Ever will know naval operation of the Civil War drawing to a close, put. Porter chose not to cede them without a fight generals who were politicians–and in. Was vital to the Federal government ’ s plan to subdue the Confederacy, 12... Be some discrepancies the duties that were expected of them father at age 11, -!

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